Tuesday, December 10, 2019
Question: Write a Review of Historical film Devchata. Answer: Devchata (1961, directed by Yuri Chulyukin) is Russian romantic comedy film. It was one of the most popular soviet films during the 60s. This is about a young girl named Tosya who just graduated from a culinary school and has come to start her new job at a Siberian village. She takes Ilyas flirt as true romance. Ilya made a bet to his friends to seduce her. At the big dance, her roommates tell her the truth. She comes to know from Filya that it was actually a bet and that too for a hat. Her heart breaks, she runs outside and starts crying. After few days Ilya tries to convince her that he actually loves her and he is sorry for the prank. However Tosya is not ready to accept his love and forgiveness. Later in an attic they reconcile and experience their first kiss. Director Yuri Chulyukin was graduated from The Russian State University of Cinematography (VGIK) in 1956, where he later became a professor. The film school experience helped him to master in the art of film language. Later he worked for Mosfilm and for television for brief period of time. 1950s and 1960s is better known as the era of Khrushchevs Thaw in the Russian history. Thaw literally means the warmer weather that defrosts the snow and brings a more alive weather. The social political connection is that after Stalins death in 1953, Nikita Khrushchevs de-Stalinization censorship thawed the Russian societys snow of suffocation and repression. Khrushchev released most political prisoners from Stalins era and relaxed the censorship and repression. Devchata represents that warm period in the cinematic universe of Russia. The film is light hearted romantic drama; the characters are warm and alive. The director wanted to represent a time and a Soviet society where people are more humanistic that before. They are free to choose their way of life and seek happiness in their own ways. The message is implicit because the representations are often symbolical and subtle. The director consciously avoided the direct political scenario of that time. His cinematic universe belongs to common everyday people, who seek happiness and peace in life. The political peaceful co existence reflected in the films community and characters as well, but in an indirect manner. The film is from a common mans perspective and it tells the story of ordinary human beings. This black and white film explored the beauty of snow covered Siberia. The forest, the village and the camp represented the life and its closeness. He director uses few metaphorical images in a very subtle manner, which signifies some simple truth of life. Amidst the coldness people are looking for bit warmth. Several shots of the piled up wood pieces bring the warmth in the environment and serves the metaphorical purpose. The characters are physically close; as we see they sleep or hand out together in small spaces. However, the characters or the spectators both do not feel any suffocation due to the limited space, rather the closeness, intimacy and limitation brings forward the coziness, the warmth of the bo dies and hearts. The film uses a very simple plot plays with the character of Tosya who brings life to the films world by her physical humor and facial expressions. In an early scene where the supervisor reacted after knowing that she doesnt have a pillow and she is a new cook, he said Pillows are in short supply, and a cook with no professional experience? Ugh! The old and authoritys perception about the new generation is also criticized, as Tosya soon proved him wrong by doing a great job and establishing her presence. The simple or complicated facts of life have been sewed with the films narrative. The humorous episodes are throughout the film and well connected, just like life. Nadya is does not want to end up as an old cook so she has compromised her love life by choosing someone not so good. However the man, who Tosya calls as Mangy, tries to love and care for her in his best possible way. Or the character of Anfisa, whose insecurities get expressed through her flirts to men. The film deals with humanistic characters, which has strength and weakness both. They make mistake, they accept sad truth of life yet all of them are struggling to find happiness. Their simple approach towards life of accepting and moving on helps them to reach their desires. Ilya had made a mistake; he confessed it and finally achieved the happiness with the help of Tosya. The film represented an optimistic view of Khrushchevs Russia (Strukov and Helena 2016, 246). The post world war, the Italian Neo Realism or French Nouvelle Vague marked significantly in the world of Cinema. After Stalins demise, the political changes in Khruschevs time the new soviet cinema saw possibility. In Devchata, the spectators experience the presence of nature in relationship with humans. The tradition of visual expression over sound or narrative is absent here. The film followed a different path than the contemporary tradition of multiple superimpositions, subjective camera angles and panoramic shots. Yuri was a new generation Russian filmmaker who was free from the studio-system of Stalin era. Devchata successfully portrays the peaceful existence of the community and the individual. The film shows the symptoms of Soviet new wave conventions of that period. Some of them are the seasons presence in the films narrative and two contradictory characters falling in love. The per iod of gave much importance to the value of that period which is to provide equal importance to the individual human being and his communal presence. Tosya or Ilya represents the new generation. Their individual presence and their relationship with the community, the community consists of his or her friends get much importance. This new generations self reflexivity is being represented through the characters of Tosya or Ilya. The return of revolutions idea as neoleninism can be interpreted here. The directors sensibility and consciousness towards the community and its relationship with the individual human beings gets expressed clearly. The neoleninism is nothing but bringing back the purity of ideas, which was betrayed in the Stalin era. The VGIK student Yuri was one of the Soviet liberal intelligentsia who believed and implemented the potential of human and socialism. The spontaneity of everyday life is being projected in the film most simple way. Khruschev was very aware and appr eciated the youths presence in the films. In one of the last scenes where the community is present then the narrative focused on the two characters can be interpreted as the communal presence acts as the tribute to the contemporary tradition. However reconciliation of Tosya and Ilya represents the Thaw. After the death of Stalin, Khrushchev brought a revolutionary era when people were liberated from preexisted extreme repression (Goff 2015, 27-44). The new young generation was free. However the idea of woman needs to get married in order to become socially accepted is presented in this film like any another Soviet film of that time (Sideri 2012, 496-497). Even in the wilderness of Serbia, Tosya is struggling to build up a conventional love and family life indicates that. Like when she expressed her shock by seeing Vera burning her husbands letter. This becomes more evident when Anfisa says When youre 28 years old and still unmarried, like Nadya, even a goat will do. Nadyas compromis e to get a happy family life is also evident of the matter. References Goff, Krista A. "Why not love our language and our culture? National rights and citizenship in Khrushchev's Soviet Union."Nationalities Papers43, no. 1 (2015): 27-44. Sideri, Eleni. "Nation, language, Islam: Tatarstan's sovereignty movementBy Helen M. Faller."Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute18, no. 2 (2012): 496-497. Strukov, Vlad, and Helena Goscilo, eds.Russian Aviation, Space Flight and Visual Culture. Vol. 70. Taylor Francis, 2016.
Monday, December 2, 2019
Name ___________________________________ Date ________________ Class _______________ Real-Life Health: Cross-Curriculum The sale of alcoholic beverages in the United States is regulated by state and local government agencies. Laws regulate who can purchase alcohol, where alcohol can be sold, and when alcohol may be purchased. The passage below discusses the period in United States history when the federal government placed a legal ban on the manufacture and sale of all alcoholic beverages. Read the passage and answer the questions that follow. American Prohibition The earliest prohibition movements recorded in the United States were in the 1700s. However, governments in the early American colonies had little success in banning or limiting the use of alcoholic beverages. In fact, by the early 1800s, the average consumption of alcohol per year was seven gallons of pure alcohol per person. As more and more people began to believe that alcohol was partly to blame for increasing rates of crime, poverty, and violence, public support for a ban on alcohol manufacture and consumption grew. In 1851, Maine became the first state to pass a law prohibiting the manufacture and sale of intoxicating beverages, although it did permit the production of alcohol intended for medical or mechanical uses. By 1855 13 of the 31 states had passed similar laws.By the time of the Civil War, however, many of these laws were modified or repealed. Saloons, establishments that specifically catered to the consumption of alcohol, sprang up around the country. Many saloons also permitted gambling, prostitution, and violence.With the spread of saloons in the late 1800s and early 1900s, public opinion once again supported stricter regulation of the sale of intoxicating beverages. By 1916 23 of the 48 states adopted laws against saloons. In 1919 the 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. It prohibited "the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors."In order to enforce the new amendment, the National Prohibition Act was passed. This law forbade the manufacture or sale of beverages with an alcoholic content of more than 0.5 percent, except for those made and sold for religious, medicinal, or industrial purposes. However, without enough money to enforce the new law, the Prohibition era was largely unregulated.People disagree about Prohibition's effects on America. Much of the literature or movies about this period emphasize the growth of organized crime, the proliferation of illegal saloons (called "speakeasies"), and the increasing popularity of the gangster in American culture. However, many historians believe that this picture of America during Prohibition is a distortion of fact. They say that the majority of Americans not only respected and followed the law but also believed that it was a necessary action to reduce the incidence of drunkenness and alcohol-related crime.By the late 1920s, more and more Americans grew disillusioned with Prohibition. The increasing urbanization and industrialization of the country contributed to the growing view that a new society was developinga society in which the prohibition of alcohol seemed less important than the protection of individual freedoms. In 1933 the 21st Amendment to the Constitution repealed the 18th Amendment and Prohibition ended. After repeal the control of the manufacture and sale of liquor became a state responsibility. UNIT 7 LESSON 37 Choosing an Alcohol-Free Lifestyle 25 What is the definition of the wordprohibition?(Use a dictionary to help you answer this question.) Why is this a suitable name for the period of American history described in the passage? The act of forbidding something by law. It is a suitable name, because the period occurred as a means to ban alcohol. When were the first widespread movements toward Prohibition in the United States? Were they successful? In the 1700s, though they were unsuccessful. What prompted the ratification of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution? Due to the popularity of saloons, which encouraged violence, prostitution, and other immoral things, and, the people thought it time to put an end to them. What are two different views about the effects Prohibition had on American society? Caused a large spike in organized crime, as well as the creation of speakeasies. Other opinions stated that many Americans respected the law, and it was caused due to a worry of alcohol induced crime. What led to the repeal of the 18th Amendment? The industrialization
Wednesday, November 27, 2019
Why Asparagus Makes Your Urine Smell Funny When you eat asparagus, your urine will smell funny. However, not everyones noses can detect the odor of asparagus pee. The chemical that produces the effect is called asparagusic acid. Asparagusic acid is not volatile, so if you sniff a spear of aparagus, you wont smell anything noteworthy. However, when your body digests asparagus, aspargusic acid is broken down into simpler compounds, which are volatile, so they transfer from urine into the air, where they make their way to your nose soÃ you can smell them. These compoundsÃ include dimethyl sulfide, dimethyl disulfide, dimethyl sulfone, andÃ dimethyl sulfoxide. The sulfurous compounds or mercaptans are related to the chemicals that makeÃ skunk spray and rotten eggsÃ so odious. Asparagus Doesnt Make Everyones Pee Stink While it is believed everyone excretes these compounds in their urine after eating asparagus, somewhere between 22% and 50% of the population lackÃ the chemoreceptors to detect the funky smell. Also, some people may metabolize asparagusic acid in a way that produces lower quantities of the distinctive-smelling molecules. Whether or not you can smell the distinctive funky odor of asparagus pee depends on your genetics. Inability to smell the chemical results from a single base pair genetic mutation, which is passed on in families.Ã While you might not consider yourself fortunate if you can smell it, the upside is youre more likely able to smell other sulfurous molecules, which might protect you from toxic chemicals. Learn More What Is the Worst Smelling Chemical?How To Color UrineChemical Composition of Urine
Saturday, November 23, 2019
Causes and Effects of Sleep Deprivation Everyday we go about our day trying to complete each of our tasks. We wear ourselves out and lose something that we did not know we lost until the next morning. Sleep deprivation does not make your life any easier, and many of the effects, affect not only you but others around you. It causes a lot of unneeded problems that you and I do not like to deal with. People do not respect sleeping enough to not abuse it. If you are an athlete sleep is one of your best friends. If you do not get enough sleep it is a contributing factor to having failure in your sport. You become weak and do not have the energy that you would normally have from a good nights sleep. It can also lead to injuries because not just are you tired, but your body is struggling right along with you to keep up. Sleep deprivation can be dangerous when you are operating heavy machinery or driving. Just like when you consume alcohol and become intoxicated your body and mind wear down. You get cozy and start to feel better. Keeping your eyes open is the last thing that you want to do. When this happens for instance, while you are driving you can cause harm to yourself, or people around you. Sleep deprivation causes many deaths on the road each year because too many people fall asleep at the wheel. When you are operating heavy machinery, there is a high risk of hurting yourself. If you are dosing in and out you might fall onto a saw or slip your hand into some gears, causing yourself excruciating pain and a trip to the emergency room. On Certain days, people are in a superior mood and on other days you wish that you had never met the person. That is because they are not getting enough sleep. When your mind and body are worn out you do not care or have respect for anybody or anything. You take any of the angers or frustrations that you have out on an unexpected friend or family member. That in return can earn you a beating by people t... Free Essays on Sleep Deprivation Free Essays on Sleep Deprivation Without enough sleep, I am completely worthless. I am unable to function. The same is true with most of my friends. If the Board of Education were to start school even a half an hour earlier, they are most nearly saying that they donÃ¢â¬â¢t care about studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ performances. Most people think, that after someone has hit puberty, he/she will need less sleep than before they hit puberty, as most people think. Mary A. Carskadon says that most teenagers prefer to stay up late at night and sleep later in the morning. You might call this laziness, but Carskadon says itÃ¢â¬â¢s not a matter of choice, itÃ¢â¬â¢s a biological change their body is going through. She calls this a Ã¢â¬ delayed phase preferenceÃ¢â¬ . The transition from middle school to high school is already difficult for teenagers because high school starts up to one hour earlier. And if the Board of Education decided to start school even earlier, this could dramatically reduce studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ performance. Carskadon did a study with 15 students who just made the transition from middle school to high school. Middle school started at 8:25 a.m. High school students had to be at school at 7:20. The average time it took for the students to fall asleep went from 9.5 minutes to 8.4 minutes. One st udent fell asleep in 1.8 minutes. One student even went right into REM sleep, usually the last stage of sleep. Someone who falls into REM sleep that easily is sleep deprived. Sleep deprivation directly affects studentsÃ¢â¬â¢ performance. Students who were earning AÃ¢â¬â¢s in school were getting up to 35 to 45 more minutes of sleep per night. During the weekend, students donÃ¢â¬â¢t have to get up for school. The students earning DÃ¢â¬â¢s/FÃ¢â¬â¢s were sleeping longer than the students earning AÃ¢â¬â¢s. This shows that the students earning DÃ¢â¬â¢s/FÃ¢â¬â¢s are more sleep deprived. Now that you have seen the statistics and heard the facts I would like you to reconsider your proposition of opening school one hour earlier. Sleep is... Free Essays on Sleep Deprivation Students need sleep in order to focus and learn to the best of their abilities. But sadly many students are sleep deprived. These students donÃ¢â¬â¢t receive the necessary 8 Ã ½ to 9 hours of sleep to function at their peak (Simurda, 2001). One way for students to get the necessary amount of sleep is for them to have good sleeping habits. Many teenagers donÃ¢â¬â¢t know the right time to go to bed. They tend to stay up longer than recommended either watching TV, doing homework or some other activity (Simurda 2001). This causes them to get insufficient periods of sleep. A way to counteract these negative sleeping habits is to have students learn about good sleeping habits when they are young. Students who have been educated when they were younger about sleep deprivation, and have learned to have good sleeping habits will be better prepared when they older to get the necessary amount of sleep. In order to test this hypothesis research should be done extensively. The best research method that can be used to test the hypothesis is a longitudinal study. A longitudinal study is a good research method to use because it creates an in-depth observation that can give great detail in the progression of a student from a younger age to an older. Other research methods would not be able reproduce the long period of time that is needed to test the hypothesis. By doing a longitudinal study great detailed information will be found for a long period of time. The independent variable in this study is the learning program that will teach young children proper sleeping habits. The dependent variable is the childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s response to the program, and how it will affect their sleeping habits in the future. From a longitudinal study standpoint the researcher should be able to observe whether teaching the students good sleeping habits when they are young translates in them having good sleeping habits when they are older. The researcher will observe how... Free Essays on Sleep Deprivation Causes and Effects of Sleep Deprivation Everyday we go about our day trying to complete each of our tasks. We wear ourselves out and lose something that we did not know we lost until the next morning. Sleep deprivation does not make your life any easier, and many of the effects, affect not only you but others around you. It causes a lot of unneeded problems that you and I do not like to deal with. People do not respect sleeping enough to not abuse it. If you are an athlete sleep is one of your best friends. If you do not get enough sleep it is a contributing factor to having failure in your sport. You become weak and do not have the energy that you would normally have from a good nights sleep. It can also lead to injuries because not just are you tired, but your body is struggling right along with you to keep up. Sleep deprivation can be dangerous when you are operating heavy machinery or driving. Just like when you consume alcohol and become intoxicated your body and mind wear down. You get cozy and start to feel better. Keeping your eyes open is the last thing that you want to do. When this happens for instance, while you are driving you can cause harm to yourself, or people around you. Sleep deprivation causes many deaths on the road each year because too many people fall asleep at the wheel. When you are operating heavy machinery, there is a high risk of hurting yourself. If you are dosing in and out you might fall onto a saw or slip your hand into some gears, causing yourself excruciating pain and a trip to the emergency room. On Certain days, people are in a superior mood and on other days you wish that you had never met the person. That is because they are not getting enough sleep. When your mind and body are worn out you do not care or have respect for anybody or anything. You take any of the angers or frustrations that you have out on an unexpected friend or family member. That in return can earn you a beating by people t...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Compare and Contrast two pieces or two authors using three literary critics. The stories used are How I Got That Name by Marilyn Chin and White Trash Primer by Lacy M. Johnson - Essay Example Ã¢â¬Å"How I Got My NameÃ¢â¬ depicts how the poet got her name Ã¢â¬ËMarilynÃ¢â¬â¢ and further illustrates social issues revolving family, and Americanization. As a reader, it is apparent that Chin is comfortable in her own voice as she tells her life experiences. In terms of structure, the poem is a four-stanza poem that utilizes free verse. It flow is natural and conversational, ChinÃ¢â¬â¢s tone changes from stanza to stanza. She incorporates irony, assonance, alliteration and other literary devices to add on to the flow of the poem (Cucinella 56). Its subtle complexity is reason for its continued popularity among audiences from all lifestyles in America. The subtitle to this poem is Ã¢â¬Å"an essay on assimilationÃ¢â¬ and this highlights the main theme that the poem tackles. Assimilation in America is difficult and the poem aptly captures her struggle (Cucinella 157). In addition, the subtitle signals to the reader that one should be sensitive and attentive to ChinÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle. Chin shares, both directly and indirectly, her experiences as a foreigner in America. Her father gives her the name Ã¢â¬ËMarilynÃ¢â¬â¢ derived from the legendary actress Marilyn Monroe. Her fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s choice of name illustrates that he had already envisioned his family as Americans; which they were not (Cucinella 54). Additionally, the name also depicted the influence that American pop culture had on ChinÃ¢â¬â¢s father. Her father easily assimilated into the American culture and wished his family would also follow suit. Despite being assimilated quickly, the family stayed true to its Chinese traditions and culture. Her father was the patriarch of the family and nobody dared to question his authority and decisions. Throughout the poem, Chin hints at the internal struggle she underwent as she integrated into the American culture. The second stanza provides proof Ã¢â¬Å"The further west we go, weÃ¢â¬â¢ll hit east; the deeper we dig,
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Health care questions - Essay Example rch has got its own due place within the midst of things and it would only be natural to decipher the true meaning of public health systems if proper measures are undertaken to take care of the patients under consideration. These patients should be given the room to have a better treatment regime in place so that their health could be insured and the measures that go in the wake of finding out such nuances are also given the much needed boost that is required within such discussions. The research regimes will aim to further find out how the development of future public health systems would mean success for just about everyone who is related with the public health quarters in one way or the other. In essence, research will find out the different developmental measures, means and pathways through which success can be envisioned and new opportunities to further expedite the process of giving better return on the public health systems for the sake of the common man are determined and thu s provided. As known to the public health systems that are prevalent in the time and age of today, the most important factors in the delivery of the same include the leadership quarters and the management ranks of the public health systems. What this implicates is the fact that a leader who has his say within the provision of public health in a proper way goes to show that the public health systems are built upon in a very serious way, and that there would be success for the people who matter the most Ã¢â¬â the stakeholders who are the patients themselves. Apart from leadership, there is a dire need to comprehend that managing the related activities of public health are also very significant. This is because the successful development and management of public health systems and activities would pave the way for the eventual linkage that is established amongst the different stakeholders and not just between the patients and the public health domains. There is a good amount of
Sunday, November 17, 2019
Benefits of Reading Essay Most of us have been exposed to reading since we were young but not many of us have the habit of reading for leisure. Most students read only because they have to study for their examinations but reading is not only limited to study materials. It is fun to read storybooks, novels, magazines, comics, newspapers and other reading material that is of interest to us. Reading is a good hobby. It is a form of pastime which brings many benefits. Reading trains our minds to be more imaginative. It also helps us to process new information faster and develop our ability to understand how other people think and feel. People who love to read are more open to new ideas. Thus, we can train our minds to think faster and more efficiently if we read more. We also can improve our awareness of the current events worldwide by reading newspaper. Besides improving our general knowledge, knowing what is going on around us, will also help us socialize with others by discussing the current issues with them. Nowadays, we need not solely rely to newspapers for news. We can also read real-time news online via the internet. Many news networks update the information on their websites every hour just to keep the readers updated with the latest events. Reading is important to help us to improve our language proficiency. By exposing ourselves to the proper use of language, we can improve our grammar and vocabulary. By reading, we would also enhance our understanding of world usage in different contexts. Therefore, we can eventually improve to our writing and speaking skills. The benefits of reading are numerous. It is also a cheap activity as we can go to the library to borrow books for free. We could also exchange books with our friends. This will help us save a lot of money. Some people prefer to buy their books so that they can keep them in their collection. As book are a source of knowledge, spending money to acquire them is not a waste, it is a form of investment.